Politically speaking, the Federal Assembly is not divided into parties, but into parliamentary groups. The groups comprise members of the same party or of similarly-platformed parties. A parliamentary group is therefore not necessarily to be equated with a party.

At least five members from the same Council are needed to form a parliamentary group. Only informal groups exist in the Council of States.

The parliamentary groups play an important part in opinion-forming processes. They examine the main issues (elections and current issues) before they are submitted to the Councils and attempt to reach a common position, which the members of parliament can defend before their Council, as well as before the media and the general public. In the National Council, members are required to be in a parliamentary group in order to be eligible to sit on a committee.

 

Political parties represented in Parliament

Statistics on parliamentary groups since 1912 (XLS)Format Change

 

Parliamentary groups of the 51th legislative period 2019 – 2023

Group PresidentComposition / partyTotal NC CS
Swiss People's PartyV Thomas Aeschi59 SPP, 1 Lega, 1 UDF, 1 no party62557
Social DemocratsS Roger Nordmann48 Social Democrats48399
The Centre Group. CVP-EVP-BDP.C-CED Andrea Gmür-Schönenberger38 Christian Democrats, 3 EPP, 3 BDP443113
FDP.The Liberal groupRL Beat Walti41 RDP.The Liberals412912
Green groupG Balthasar Glättli33 Green Party, 1 PdA, 1EàG35305
Green liberal group GL Tiana Angelina Moser 16 GLP16160

Composition in the Federal Assembly (State: 04.12.2019)

Pie chart showing the number of Council members belonging to each parliamentary group (in descending order: SVP Group, Social Democrat Group, le Groupe du Centre. PDC-PEV-BPD., FDP-Liberal Group, Green Group and Green-Liberal Group).

Composition in the National Council (State: 04.12.2019)

Pie chart showing the size of the parliamentary groups in the National Council (in descending order: SVP Group, Social Democrat Group, le Groupe du Centre. PDC-PEV-BPD., FDP-Liberal Group, Green Group and Green-Liberal Group).

Composition in the Council of States (State: 04.12.2019)

Pie chart showing the size of the parliamentary groups in the Council of States (in descending order: le Groupe du Centre. PDC-PEV-BPD., FDP-Liberal Group, Social Democrat Group, SVP Group, and Green Group).

Composition in the National Council and in the Council of States (State: 04.12.2019)

Bar chart showing the number of Council members belonging to each parliamentary group by Council chamber (in descending order: SVP Group, Social Democrat Group, le Groupe du Centre. PDC-PEV-BPD., FDP-Liberal Group, Green Group and Green-Liberal Group).